Intestinal lymphangiectasia Associated Lupus Erythematosus

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Intestinal lymphangiectasia Associated Lupus Erythematosus

Postby patoco » Thu Sep 21, 2006 12:46 pm

Protein-losing enteropathy in systemic lupus erythematosus associated with intestinal lymphangiectasia

Edworthy SM, Fritzler MJ, Kelly JK, McHattie JD, Shaffer EA.

Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

This case report concerns a young woman with systemic lupus erythematosus who presented with a protein-losing enteropathy. Intestinal biopsy revealed lymphangiectasia. Mesenteric lymph nodes showed paracortical lymphoid depletion and multiple small sinusoids. Elevated cholesterol levels and normal lymphocyte counts characterized the peripheral blood samples. Lymph nodes, though enlarged, showed no evidence of obstructive pathology. No secondary cause of lymphangiectasia could be identified. The patient exhibited antinuclear antibodies and antibodies to dsDNA at the onset, and then, 5 yr later, the classic features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The lymphocytopenia and hypolipidemia that characterizes lymphangiectasia is not a feature of the SLE cases reported to date. Furthermore, the mechanism for the dilated lymphatics and villous edema is more likely immunological than mechanical disruption of lymphatics.

Publication Types:

Case ReportsPMID: 2220736 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/quer ... t=Abstract

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Protein-losing enteropathy associated with systemic lupus erythematosus: response to cyclophosphamide.

Werner de Castro GR, Appenzeller S, Bertolo MB, Costallat LT.

Rheumatology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

Protein-losing enteropathy is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) leading to hypoalbuminemia and anasarca. We report the case of a woman with SLE who presented chronic hypoalbuminemia diagnosed as protein-losing enteropathy associated with SLE. She was refractory to prednisone and azathioprine administration but showed good response to cyclophosphamide. The diagnosis and management of hypoalbuminemia in lupus-associated enteropathy are discussed.

PMID: 15249982 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/quer ... med_docsum

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A Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patient with Protein Losing Enteropathy

Authors

Jee Min Park1, Sun Young Ahn1, Jae Il Shin1, Mi Jin Yun2, and Jae Seung Lee1

Affiliation

The Institute of Kidney Disease, 1Department of Pediatrics and 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and it is an uncommon cause of hypoalbuminemia without proteinuria. We describe a case of an 11 year-old girl who had diarrhea and periorbital edema as the initial symptoms of SLE. PLE was diagnosed by 24-hour stool alpha-1 antitrypsin clearance and 99mTc-human serum albumin scintigraphy.

Keywords

24-hour stool alpha-1 antitrypsin clearance, 99mTc-human serum albumin scintigraphy

Corresponding Author info

Dr. Jae Seung Lee, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, Korea. Tel: 82-2-361-5517, Fax: 82-2-393-9118, E-mail: jsyonse@ yumc.yonsei.ac.kr

Full Text PDF Yonsei Medical Journal

http://www.eymj.org/2004/pdf/10923.pdf

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Related Article - Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - eMedicine

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/lupus_sy ... cle_em.htm

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See Also:

All About Lymphangiectasia

Support group for parents, patients, children who suffer from all forms of lymphangiectasia. This condition is caused by dilation of the lymphatics. It can affect the intestinal tract, lungs and other critical body areas.

Subscribe: allaboutlymphangiectasia-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/al ... giectasia/
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